It is necessary to know the basic history of the countries for the tours. Especially for people who want to rent a car and travel on their own. Today we perceive the history of Kyrgyzstan as rich and infinity. There are many crucial facts that cannot be described in the single article, but we will try to tell you more about the history of the country. During the tours, you will also be able to communicate with guides, local citizens and of course nomads.
On the tours, the guests have an opportunity to see ancient scripts on the walls of gorges. These petroglyphs tell us about the ancient times and the life and traditions of nomads. They were moving from pastures to pastures with their staff, yurts and etc. Basically the history is estimated to be of 2000 years old, it began in 201BC in the written notes.
In order to indulge in the local culture, you can use our car rent service. Thus you will have a chance to visit all interesting sites and see the cultural monuments of antiquity. In the Issyk Kul region, in Cholpon-Ata, there is a famous Rock Art Gallery. This gallery belongs to the Bronze Age. On the walls there are images of goats, bulls, horses other animals, scenes of usual life like dancing, hunting, communicating.
The history of Kyrgyzstan starts in 201BC in Chinese notes. The entire ancient history dates back from 1000BC to 300AD. The first mention of the Kyrgyz people was in the chronicle "Historical notes". Here there was an information about 5 tribes who were trying to conquer the Hunnu. The other notes are in the chronicle Han-Shu of historian Ban Gu. Nowadays many scientists convinced that the territory of the state of Kyrgyz people was located in the Eastern Turkestan.
The period of 1200 to 1400 is characterized by tragic events such as numerous invasions of Mongols. It led to the destruction of the Turkic culture that was rather developed. In 1207 Yenisei Kyrgyz people were conquered by Chengiz Khan. In 12th-15th centuries local nomads became close to Persian, Arab and Turkic traders and began to convert to Islam.
In 15th century Kyrgyz people began to move from the South Siberia. By this reason in the 15th-18th century, they did not have any state. There were scattered tribes that could not be united under one state and a single leader. The tribes had own political system and independence.
Since the 18th century and up to the beginning of the 20th century the Kyrgyz people were joining the Russian Empire. The north tribes wanted to annex Russian Empire and sent their representatives. They considered it as an opportunity to protect themselves from external and internal threats. The south tribes did not support that idea that is why they were joined by force. The annexation turned the nomadic way of life into the agricultural and citizen-like.
In the first half of the 20th century, in 1917, The Bolsheviks changed the political system in Russian Empire. They supported ideas of equality of people, the abolishment of the exploitation. The revolution lad to the creation of the Soviet Union. The political and cultural life of Kyrgyzstan started to develop dynamically. The level of education was also improved. Statehood of Kyrgyz people shifted to autonomous region, than to the republic. Nevertheless, this process was accompanied by tragic events such as the ban on faith and religion, which led to the murder of innocent people.
In 1991 after the collapse of the USSR, Kyrgyzstan became an independent state. This unexpected change led to unemployment, a crisis in political, economic and social life. The country's flag, anthem were created. In 1992 it became the member of the UN, in 1993 it adopted its own Constitution. Despite that the country was not stable. There were two conflicts - evolutions in 2005 and 2010. Now it is a peaceful state and a popular place for exciting tours!